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Research and innovation

Research and innovation

Drivers of Knowledge and Value

First of all, research and innovation (R&I) are fundamental pillars in our quest for knowledge, value creation and progress.

Research and innovation: research

On the one hand, research is based on a methodical process. In fact, it involves reflection, study, observation, and experimentation with the goal of improving our understanding of the world.

Then, it is also a collective undertaking. It takes place in academic, industrial and other contexts (third-party research sites). In addition, research involves a form of collaboration, whether direct or indirect. In other words, it transcends social, political, geographical and cultural barriers. For example, the human genome project illustrates a form of international collaboration on a major research project. However, most researchers around the world collaborate with their counterparts in different countries.

Research and innovation: innovation

On the other hand, innovation goes far beyond simply creating successful products on the market. It takes many forms, such as social innovation and environmental innovation. Likely, it brings value that extends beyond financial boundaries to include social, environmental and societal aspects. Finally, innovation is governed by the ISO 56000 standard. Specifically, it emphasizes the creation of novelty that brings value, whether in a product, a service, a business model or an entity.

The Valorization process

Secondly, R&I evolve in particular through the process of valorization. What’s more, this crucial stage in the innovation cycle capitalizes on discoveries to generate value and promote progress.

Finally, France’s institutional research and innovation system encompasses more than 604,700 individuals, and is structured into four clusters:

  • Orientation: Definition of research policy, the general objectives, and the overall budget for public research policy. Generally, the decisions are made at the political level, specifically by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research.
  • Programming: Formulation of thematic priorities by sector and allocating resources. Probably, the level includes research funding bodies such as ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche), BPI France, etc.
  • Research: Process of carrying out research activities. That concern the vast majority of these activities are carried out in research organizations, universities and corporate laboratories.
  • Evaluation: Quality of research policy implementation is assessed by independent bodies. For instance, in France, the Haut Conseil de l’évaluation de la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur (Hceres) has been in charge of assessing higher education and public research since the implementation of the 2013 law on higher education and research.


Each of these clusters plays a vital role in promoting R&I . And thus, make a meaningful contribution to society’s progress and economic growth.

Research and Innovation
Research and Innovation


[1] Website of Ministry of Higher Education and Research, Organisation du système de recherche et d’innovation

Others definitions

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